3: used to help the charge nurse with

3:
Discuss the relationship of data, information, knowledge, and wisdom as it
relates to nursing informatics.

 

Well,
the first step to answering this question would be to define what exactly nursing
informatics is. In general terms, nursing informatics is the practice of
utilizing nursing science and technology to enhance the pathway that data take
to become erudition to ameliorate patient care (McGonigle, Hunter, Sipes, &
Hebda, 2014, p.324). To further that, nursing informatics pulls together areas
such as nursing science, computer science, information science, and cognitive
science. This combining is done for improving health care data, information,
knowledge, and wisdom to help improve patient care and outcomes. It also helps
improve the efficiency for the nurses and providers (McGonigle, Hunter, Sipes,
& Hebda, 2014, p.324). Some great examples of nursing informatics in use
can be seen on the ATI nursing informatics module 1. One video shows a
medication administration where the nurse forgot to scan both 50mg tablets of a
medication. However, the computer sent a message alerting the nurse to this fact,
thus avoiding a medication error and inaccurate documentation. Another example
highlighted the idea of nursing informatics being used to help the charge nurse
with scheduling. She was able to see trends and the demands of her floor, so
she was able to properly schedule her nurses for adequate nurse to patient
ratio. Other examples highlighted the ease a nurse and provider had with
sharing vital patient information to render adequate and pertinent care (Assessment
Technologies Institute, 2018).

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So
now we will discuss the idea behind data, information, knowledge, and wisdom
and how each one builds up to the other and how it relates and works in the
medical profession. So, we will start with the smallest part, data. Data is
defined as small raw facts that do not really have any meaning. They cannot be
applied to any patient and have little interpretation. Maxim Topaz describes
them as “discrete factors describing the patient or his/her environment” (Topaz,
2013). Then we move on to information which is considered combining data
together so that you can start seeing the big picture with the patient. It
starts to become structured and organized (Topaz, 2013). For information to be important,
medical staff must be able to see it and in a timely manner, it must be
complete and correct with no errors, it has to be reliable without fault or
interruption, it needs to be relevant, recent, and verifiable. It must also meet
the security guidelines since it holds multiple patient information (McGonigle,
Hunter, Sipes, & Hebda, 2014, p.325). To help you better understand, the
information part helps to answer questions such as “who”, “what”, “where”, and “when”
(Topaz, 2013).

 

After
you build up from data to information, you start working it up toward
knowledge. Knowledge is considered information that the medical personnel can
use to pair with other information, then implement that whole idea toward a task
or they can use it to aide in making the best decision. As the nurse works to
expand her knowledge, she now has access to information she needs, can accurately
discuss findings, and make informed decisions based on all information provided
(McGonigle, Hunter, Sipes, & Hebda, 2014, p.325). Nursing informatics plays
into this whole data, information, knowledge aspect because it informs and
supports the steps taken and leading up to the nurse’s decisions. Wisdom is the
last step in this equation. Wisdom plays in when the nurse uses her knowledge
for an appropriate situation. Some nurses call this insight, intuition, and
being well-seasoned in your practice (McGonigle, Hunter, Sipes, & Hebda,
2014, p.325). When nurses use their knowledge toward a patient’s situation, they
are relying on that knowledge and experience, as well as their judgement,
common sense, and of course that evidence based practice, to render the best patient
care they possibly can (McGonigle, Hunter, Sipes, & Hebda, 2014, p.325). To
keep it simple, nurses are using their experience as a nurse, looking at what
has and has not worked, looking at all the aspects that are involved with the
patient, and coming up with the best course of action so that the patient has
the best chance of recovery. Because after all, that is the main goal, right?

 

So
how does this all play into nursing informatics? Well, nursing informatics
gives us the tools we need along with the means to enhance the data, information,
knowledge, and the wisdom pathway. By doing all this, nursing informatics can supply
nurses and in some sense providers with all the information and knowledge
needed to better help their patients (McGonigle, Hunter, Sipes, & Hebda,
2014, p.325).

 

 

References

Assessment
Technologies Institute, LLC. (2018). Nurse’s
touch: Nursing informatics and technology. Retrieved from ATI: https://student/atitesting.com/Productsonigle

 

McGonigle, D.,
Hunter, K., Sipes, C., & Hebda, T. (2014). “Everyday Informatics: Why Nurses
Need to Understand Nursing Informatics.” AORN
Journal 100(3): 324-327. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aorn.2014.06.012

 

Topaz, M. (2013). “Invited
Editorial: The Hitchhiker’s Guide to Nursing Informatics Theory: Using the
Data-Knowledge-Information-Wisdom Framework to Guide Informatic Research.” Online Journal of Nursing Informatics 17(3).
Retrieved from http://ojni.org/issues/?p=2852